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VOA词汇掌故(翻译+字幕+讲解):来健身房锻炼塑形吧!

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Today's 'Words to the Wise' may leave us a little tired, because our topic is exercise. I'm Ashley Thompson. And here with me in studio is Learning English reporter John Russell.

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Hi Ashley. You're right. We're going to get a workout today thanks to Learning English fan Raphael Duarte. He posted a suggestion for us on our website. He wrote: I would like you guys to talk about working out at the gym, terms, routines or stuff related to it."

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John, I have heard that you work out a lot. Do you belong to a gym?

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来健身房锻炼塑形吧.jpg

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First, let's explain that word -- gym. Gym is the short form of the word gymnasium, a room or building with space and equipment for indoor sports activities. Most American schools have gymnasiums where students can exercise.

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Right, and there are also private gyms. People pay money to belong to them. Private gyms might include trainers who can help you learn how to best use the gym's equipment – like weights, treadmills and rowing machines. So, do you belong to one of those gyms?

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I belong to a rock climbing gym. It has wide, tall walls. You literally climb the walls – in a safe way, of course. It is a fun way to get some exercise. And it is a good way to get in shape.

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So, when Americans use "shape" this way, it is related to fitness, or just overall health. If someone has not exercised much in a long time, they might describe themselves as "out of shape." Then when they start working out again, they might say they are "getting back in shape."

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Right. So, before I start rock climbing, I make sure to "warm up." That means to prepare yourself for a difficult or intense activity by stretching.

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"Work out" and "warm up" are phrasal verbs, everyone's favorite!

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That's true. A phrasal verb is a group of words that act as a verb. It is made up of a verb as well as a preposition, adverb or both.

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Hmm, there are a lot of phrasal verbs in the world of exercise, actually. Here is another one: some people exercise because they want to "bulk up." This is another way of saying you want to grow your muscles, or become more muscular and strong.

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People who are trying to bulk up might do a lot of reps on the weights machines.

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Reps... that sounds like it might be short for something!

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Right! "Reps" is short for "repetition." As you might be able to guess, this means the act of repeating the same exercise a number of times.

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Not everyone works out just to bulk up, of course. Some people might have a goal of "slimming down," this is another phrasal verb. "Slim" means to make smaller, or thinner.

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So to "slim down" means to lose weight. People who hope to "slim down" might run or swim as part of their workout routine.

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"Routine" is actually one of the words that our friend Raphael asked us about. "Routine" in this case just means a usual way of doing things, in a set order. You might have a morning routine, a study routine, or, of course, a workout routine.

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So, if you work out regularly, describe your workout routine to us in the comments section!

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I can think of another phrasal verb that relates to what you should do after you work out.

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I think I know it – "cool down!"

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Exactly. To "cool down" means to do easy exercises after doing an intense exercise. This lets your heart rate drop slowly. It is always smart to cool down.

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Well, I think this episode of Words to the Wise is cooling down, too.

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Thanks everyone for listening, and as always, let us know if you have ideas for us for our next episode of Words to the Wise. Leave us a comment, and let us know where you are from.

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I'm Ashley Thompson.

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And I'm John Russell.

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重点单词   查看全部解释    
bulk [bʌlk]

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n. 体积,容积,大批,大块,大部分
vt.

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sweat [swet]

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n. 汗,汗水
v. (使)出汗

 
repetition [.repi'tiʃən]

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n. 重复,反复

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related [ri'leitid]

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adj. 相关的,有?#36164;?#20851;系的

 
overall [əuvə'rɔ:l]

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adj. 全部的,全体的,一切在内的
adv.

 
episode ['episəud]

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n. 插曲,一段情节,片段,轶事

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preposition [.prepə'ziʃən]

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n. 介词

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smart [smɑ:t]

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adj. 聪明的,时髦的,漂亮的,敏捷的,轻快的,整洁的

 
fitness ['fitnis]

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n. 适合度(生物学术语) n. 健康

 
routine [ru:'ti:n]

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n. 例行公事,常规,无聊
adj. 常规的,

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