手机APP下载

您现在的位置: 首页 > 考研英语 > 考研阅读 > 历年考研阅读真题附MP3 > 正文

2016年考研英语(二)真题第1篇 Teaching Coding to Teens

来源:可可英语 编辑:villa ?  VIP免费外教试听课 |  可可官方微信:ikekenet
 下载MP3到电脑  批量下载MP3和LRC到手机
加载中..

It's true that high-school coding classes aren't essential for learning computer science in college.

诚然,高中的编程课对于大学学习计算机科学课程来说并不是必需的。
Students without experience can catch up after a few introductory courses, said Tom Cortina, the assistant dean at Carnegie Mellon's School of Computer Science.
卡耐基梅隆大学计算机科学学院副院长汤姆·科尔蒂纳这样说道,因为?#35789;?#26159;没有编程经验,学生也能在上过一些入门编程课程后赶上来。
However, Cortina said, early exposure is beneficial.
科尔蒂纳说,不过,较早地接触计算机科学是有益处的。
When younger kids learn computer science, they learn that it's not just a confusing, endless string of letters and numbers — but a tool to build apps, or create artwork, or test hypotheses.
当年轻的学生学习计算机科学的时候,他们就会知道计算机科学并不是令人困惑、无穷尽的字母和数字串——而是一种工具,这种工具能编写应用程序、创造艺术作品或检验假设。
It's not as hard for them to transform their thought processes as it is for older students.
相比于大一点的学生,这些学生在转变自己的思维过程方面的?#35759;?#23601;小得多。
Breaking down problems into bite-sized chunks and using code to solve them becomes normal.
把问题分解为多个小的问题,然后用代码解决这些小问题,这?#22336;?#24335;成了常态。
Giving more children this training could increase the number of people interested in the field and help fill the jobs gap, Cortina said.
给予更多孩子这样的训练会让更多的人对计算机这一领域?#34892;?#36259;,同时还有助于弥补这一职业缺口。
Students also benefit from learning something about coding before they get to college, where introductory computer-science classes are packed to the brim, which can drive the less-experienced or-determined students away.
学生在上大学之前,学习编程的一些知识也是有益处的,因为大学里的计算科学入门课一向爆满,这就可能会使那些对计算机缺乏经验或者是还在犹豫的学生?#29260;?#36825;个专业。
The Flatiron School, where people pay to learn programming, started as one of the many coding bootcamps that's become popular for adults looking for a career change.
熨斗学院是一所付费编程培训学校,它创建之前只是众多的编程训练营之一,如今这所学院很受那些考虑更换职业的人的欢迎。
The high-schoolers get the same curriculum, but "we try to gear lessons toward things they're interested in," said Victoria Friedman, an instructor.
编程讲师维多利亚·弗里德曼说道,高中生学的编程课程也是该校的那种,?#20843;?#20204;尽?#21487;?#32622;一些学生?#34892;?#36259;的课程。”
For instance, one of the apps the students are developing suggests movies based on your mood.
例如,学生们正在开发一个根据?#27809;?#24515;情推荐电影的应用。
The students in the Flatiron class probably won't drop out of high school and build the next Facebook.
熨斗编程培训班的学生可能不会高中辍学,然后创建出下一个“脸书”公?#23613;?/div>
Programming languages have a quick turnover, so the "Ruby on Rails" language they learned may not even be relevant by the time they enter the job market.
编程语言的更新很快,因?#35828;?#21040;他们进入劳动力市场时,他们所学的“Ruby on Rails”编程语言甚至与市场需求都不太相关。
But the skills they learn — how to think logically through a problem and organize the results — apply to any coding language, said Deborah Seehorn, an education consultant for the state of North Carolina.
北卡罗来纳州教育顾问黛博拉·希霍恩说道,如何运用逻辑思维思考问题和理清结果,这些他们学到的技能?#35270;?#20110;各种编程语言。
Indeed, the Flatiron students might not go into IT at all.
的确,熨斗学院的学生可能根本就不会进入IT行业。
But creating a future army of coders is not the sole purpose of the classes.
但培养一大批程序员并不是这些编程班的唯一目?#36749;?/div>
These kids are going to be surrounded by computers — in their pockets, in their offices, in their homes — for the rest of their lives.
在这些学生日后生活中,他们所处的环境中处处都有计算机——他们的口袋里、办公室里?#22270;?#37324;。
The younger they learn how computers think, how to coax the machine into producing what they want — the earlier they learn that they have the power to do that — the better.
他们越早知道计算机的工作原理,越早让计算机为他们所用,越早掌?#29031;?#31181;技能,就越好。

重点单词   查看全部解释    
exposure [iks'pəuʒə]

想一想再看

n. 面临(困难),显露,暴露,揭露,曝光

 
confusing [kən'fju:ziŋ]

想一想再看

adj. 使人困惑的,令人费解的 动词confuse的现

 
coax [kəuks]

想一想再看

v. 哄,?#25484;?#28789;巧慢慢地做

 
gear [giə]

想一想再看

n. 齿轮,传动装置,设?#31119;?#24037;具
v. ?#25925;视?/p>

联想记忆
essential [i'senʃəl]

想一想再看

n. 要素,要点
adj. 必要的,重要的,本

联想记忆
organize ['ɔ:gənaiz]

想一想再看

v. 组织

 
logically ['lɔdʒikli]

想一想再看

adv. 符?#19979;?#36753;地,逻辑上地

 
benefit ['benifit]

想一想再看

n. 利益,津贴,保?#25112;穡?#20041;卖,义演
vt.

联想记忆
beneficial [.beni'fiʃəl]

想一想再看

adj. 有益的,有利的

联想记忆
curriculum [kə'rikjuləm]

想一想再看

n. 课程,全部课程
curricula(?#35789;?/p>

联想记忆
?

新东方考研网络课程:试听更多考研网络课程>>

发?#35745;?#35770;我来说2句

    英语学习节目推荐

    • 英语听写训练
      听写强化训练系统有听写比对,按句停顿,中文翻译、听写错词提示等特色功能.
    • 英语情景会话汇总
      整理精选几十个类别2千多篇地道情景会话,还可进行会话强化训练..
    • OMG美语视频讲堂
      每天一期视频节目,VOA中文部节目主持人白洁带你学习最地道的美语..
    • 经济学人中英双语版
      提供经济学人中英双语版文?#38534;?#38899;频、中英字幕,类别包括文艺、人物、科技、商业等..
    • 可可英语微信:ikekenet
      关注可可英语官方微信,每天将会向大家推送短小精悍的英语学习资料..

    可可英语官方微信(微信号:ikekenet)

    每天向大家推送短小精悍的英语学习资料.

    添加方式1.扫描?#25103;?#21487;可官方微信二维码。
    添加方式2.搜索微信号ikekenet添加即可。
    狐狸爵士电子游戏